An Economic Analysis Of Fertility
There is interrelation between socio-economic variables and fertility. According to Malthus, fertility was determined primarily by two primitive variables, age at marriage and the frequency of coition during marriage.
Malthus by relating the quantity of children to the quality of children and by permitting small quantity of children and by as well as large ones. In modern society the quantity elasticity is probably positive but small differs from his for the following reasons.
According to me, the causes of fertility is economic situation, person possessive income level, and education level, request coition, parent’s marriage ages, may be love etc…
In this article human’s purpose utility maximize so provide utility consumption goods. Becker is defined possessive child is a consumption good. Have a baby that is consumption good demand changes to parents.
Some factors determined to demand of child, baby love, parent’s age, taste, grand family pleasure, price or cost child, wanted to being a big family, peel of the more, education level, income, wealth, health etc.. In some of them, demand of children can increase or decrease.
Price of child is determined by child possessive education and health costs, quality of child, baby expectations, price of complementary goods, price of substitute goods etc…
Parents decide changes according to the factors that are affected to demand, for example if parent’s income is high, child quantity demand will increase or if parent’s age is little, parent may be has wrong decided. When price of child is high, parents want to less have a baby that is baby quantity demand will decrease.
As a result of parents wanted to child depends on their income and education level, taste, price of child, parent age, baby love and social life.