Bulgaria and Bulgarian Turks After Migration

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Deporting Turks from Bulgarian after the systematic asimilation policy created so many changes in country’s political and economic structure. Failure of the asimilation policy there have been many dissidence in communist party. Opposition groups have taken advantages of the chaos of the migration. During the six years could not be achieved a domestic political stability and economical problems were leaved.

Deporting Jivkov from management, it was beginned to transition to the democtaric process. Bulgarin leaved soviets and turned to the west and begined to give the rights of minority Turks again. Despite the changement in management in Bulgaria Turks did not trust it because the ruling party was still communist party.

In 29th August 1989 has Bulgarin Communist Party decided something new rules, which were good for Turks. They decided to give Turks to choose names, language and religios freely.[1] Turkish government was pleased with this decision. After the lifting of the ban on name change was a turkish infant recorded as a turkish name first time in decades. His name was “ Osman Bayram Hüseyinov”.[2]

Turkey, while welcoming Bulgaria’s decision of abandoning its policy of assimilation of Turkish minority remained cautious. The fact that there vvere demonstrations by Bulgarian nationalists against the restoration of the rights of Turkish minority and Bulgaria’s reluctance to use the wordTurkish minority” instead of “Müslim”, created doubts on the Turkish side about Bulgaria’s real intentions. Nevertheless, it made clear that the only barrier to the bilateral relations vvas Bulgaria’s attitute tovvards Turks in the country. If they vvere really to change, Turkey would, by ali means, be ready to cooperate.[3]


[1] Milliyet journal, 28 Dezember 1989; 3

[2] Tercüman journal, 31 Dezember 1989; 1

[3] Milliyet, 9 January 1990

Cevap Yaz

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