TURKEY AFTER MIGRATION AND EFFECTS OF MIGRATION ON TURKEY

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Providing not enough to migrants after deporting after the asimilation policy has showed that Turkey had not an official policy for Turks, who live abroad. Although prime minister and the president interested about this situation, welfare could not be provided to the migrants. It was a good propaganda material that Turks wanted to return in one or two weeks, but Jivkov managemet collapsed and this situation returned to favor.

The unplanned and unconditional acceptance of 313,894 immigrants in a short period of six months affected the economy of Turkey more than expected. It became extremely difficult to provide such a population with employment. Even if the immigration had been spread over years, it would still have made it very difficult for Turkey to cope with the financial burden of this phenomenon.[1]

Turkish Employment Organization and UNICEF organized and carried out a joint-project for women immigrants and opened traditional Turkish handicrafts courses. Among these courses, there were individual courses on ceramics and pottery, embroidery, lacework, knitting and sewing. These courses were opened firstly in Bursa, Istanbul, Izmir, Ankara, Kocaeli, Manisa, Denizli, Erzurum and Malatya and the graduates of these courses found various jobs.Again, in order to solve the employment problem of the immigrants from Bulgaria, and offer them jobs rapidly, various other occupational courses related to fields such as tourism, textile and clothing, services, manufacturing, construction and electronics were offered within the Kindred Project, initiated through the cooperation  of the UN Development Program. In this program, 25 courses in 1989, 85 courses in 1990, 345 courses in 1991, 64 courses in 1992 and 12 courses in 1993 were offered and a total of 9150 people were trained and were given certificates.[2]

It is possible to state that the immigrants created a heavy burden on the economy and social stability of Turkey. Nevertheless, this phenomenon has more to do with the internal dynamics of Bulgaria. Any possible economic, social and political changes to occur in Bulgaria will surely diminish the migrations. If conditions of life go worse, migrations could happen in the future in different shapes.[3]

The relations between the immigrants and the natives of the regions where they settled also had an effect on the issue of adaptation as well. It was observed that local people were influenced by the newcomers in various aspects such as the local modes of manufacturing in economic activities, use of agents of production, handicrafts, artisanship, decoration, construction and use of household utensils.

Immigrants had some different traditions from the natives. In time they were mixed. Today specially in aegean and Marmara regions, it can be seen. In weddings ceremonies immigrant’s songs are sang, and the famous food of immigrants “keşkek” is cooked too.

An agreement made between Turkey and UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) to aid immigrants and within this context, a 3,048,780 USD food aid–mainly composed of wheat flour, crops, beans and sugar- were distributed to immigrants.[4] Again, in line with the social state principles, a commission established by provincial governors repeatedly visited immigrants’ houses and helped them solve their various problems such as food, firewood and coal, education and health. Thanks to its most distinctive national quality of lending a helping hand to those in need, Turkish people helped the immigrants coming from Bulgaria both financially and spiritually. Various bank accounts were opened to raise funds to this end. Turks live abroad and workers entering the country at Kapıkule border gate also made financial contributions to the immigrants. Many non-governmental organizations and public institutions, the most notable of which is the Social Aid and Solidarity Fund, gave material and spiritual aid to the immigrants.[5]


[1] Lütem, 2000; 103

[2] Turkey Employment Agency( Türkiye İş Kurumu) 1993, Soydaş Projesi

[3] Çetin, 2009; 624

[4] DPT, 1990; 37

[5] Çetin, 2009; 624

Cevap Yaz

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