Turkish president vs. French president

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Comparison of similar powers of presidents: Turkish president vs. French president

The President of the Republic is vested with the power to grant individual pardons (art. 17)

The President of the Republic shall accredit ambassadors and envoys extraordinary to foreign powers; foreign ambassadors and envoys extraordinary shall be accredited to him (art.14)

The President of the Republic shall be Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. He shall preside over the higher national defense councils and committees (art.15)

The President of the Republic shall appoint the Prime Minister. He shall terminate the appointment of the Prime Minister when the latter tenders the resignation of the Government. On the recommendation of the Prime Minister, he shall appoint the other members of the Government and terminate their appointments (art.8)

The President of the Republic shall preside over the Council of Ministers (art.9)

The President of the Republic shall promulgate Acts of Parliament within fifteen days following the final passage of an Act and its transmission to the Government. He may, before the expiry of this time limit, ask Parliament to reopen debate on the Act or any sections thereof. Such reopening of debate shall not be refused (art.10)

The President of the Republic shall sign the Ordinances and Decrees deliberated upon in the Council of Ministers. He shall make appointments to the civil and military posts of the State (art.13)

As a result of this comparison we made shows that two presidents, president of turkey and France of president, are nearly same power. Our system is not semi-presidential system yet. But our president has a power like French president. And this leads to conflict in executive body. This outcome shows us that semi-presidential system has a danger for executive body. There may be tension between president and prime minister.This is experienced in the case of different party president and the prime minister.If it comes from the same party president and prime minister,semi-presidential system turns to a presidential system.

If it comes from the different party president and prime minister,semi-presidential system turns to parliamentary system.From the first period also began to Gaulle’s, there is majority of different political groups against president, he dissolve parliamentary and then new election is made.Pompidou reactthe President elected by the people regarding the results of the referendum held in 1962 and then Gaulle lowered Pompidou government.After that, the events of May 1968 in the first election,it is rejected referendum regarding limited senate and local government duties, he resigned in 1969.

Gaulle applied this method, and then this method has become customary. However,Mitterrand era began in the period of cohabitation. In other words,president and prime minister are reconciled. This topic isn’t included our topic, because we are responsible for 5.french republic in 1958-1980 years.

REFERENCE

JEAN-Marc Maillot “Institutions Administratives” Paris-2006.

KARAHANOĞULLARI, Dr. Onur, Fransa Cumhuriyeti, 2004.

NİTAS,  Koraltay, Fransa Yönetim Sistemi, 2003.

ÖZER,  Ahmet, Fransa`da Merkezi İdare ve Yerel Yönetimlere Toplu Bir Bakış”, TİD, sayı 396, 1992.

SAĞLAM, Musa-ŞENGÜL, Ramazan, 2001, Fransa’da Hükümet Orkestranın Şefi Cumhurbaşkanı mı Başbakan mı?, Amme İdaresi Dergisi, Cilt 34, sayı.4.

GÖZLER,  Kemal, Anayasa Hukukuna Giriş, Bursa, Ekin Kitabevi Yay., Dördüncü Baskı, 2004.

ÖZÇER, Özgün, Anayasa Çalışma Metinleri 2/Fransız Anayasa Tartışması: Güçler Kurgusunda Denge Arayışı http://www.anayasaplatformu.net/indir/Fransa_Anayasa_tartismasi. pdf

Web sites;

04.10.1958 Fransız Anayasası, http://www.assemblee-nat.fr, La Constitution française,

http://fr.encarta.msn.com © 1997-2007 Microsoft Corporation, décentralisation et déconcentration

http://www.fonction-publique.gouv.fr/reforme/structures/structures_index.htm , Les structures de l’Etat: voyage au sein de l’appareil administratif,

http://www.vie-publique.fr/decouverte-institutions/institutions/fonctionnement/premier-ministre/gouvernement/

Hükümetin kurulması ve Bakanlar Kurulunun Teşkili, Fonksiyonların Bakanlıklar arası dağılımı için yayınlanan kararname için bakınız;

http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/WAspad/UnTexteDeJorf?numjo=HRUX0710497D Décret du 19 juin 2007 relatif à la composition du Gouvernement NOR: HRUX0710497D

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